Mandela Effect Introduction

The Mandela Effect is a term for where a group of people all mis-remember the same detail, event or physicality. It is named after the instance in which a large group of people all shared the same memory that Nelson Mandela died prior to his actual 2013 death, usually some time in the 1980’s. The effect exploded in popularity on the internet when a peculiar example popped up where a majority of people seemed to have recalled the Berenstain Bears books as being spelled as “Berenstein” or some other variation, differing from the actual spelling as presented by evidence.

The effect is somewhat different from a false memory as it effects large groups of people, seemingly without many connections and without the same emotional factors present. It also seems stronger and harder to escape the feeling that it’s simply a mis-remembering of a detail, which is why people are so adamant with claims of their memories. As such, it’s often been hinted at that the Mandela Effect is closely related to cognitive dissonance. Cognitive dissonance can be mental stress or discomfort experienced by an individual who holds beliefs, ideas, or values and is confronted by new information that conflicts with existing beliefs, ideas, or values. Please note the use of “can be” as there is many purists that don’t accept the broader definition and scope of cognitive dissonance applying to memory versus reality.

Many Mandela Effects are usually trivial details about an oddly specific set of categories. These include things such as the how and when of celebrity deaths, misspellings (usually replaced or removed letters), placement of geographical locations, quotations within media, or alternate imagery.

It is also related to misconceptions in general, although, again is differentiated due to the obscure nature and odd feelings resulting from learning the reality. The solutions, explanations and reasons for the misconceptions are also cryptic and often misrepresented or unknown altogether.

The term it fits most with is “confabulation” which is a disturbance of memory which produces fabricated, distorted, or misinterpreted memories about the world, without the explicit or conscious intention to deceive others. People who confabulate in this way produce incorrect memories about the most trivial details (as seen with most Mandela Effects) but range up to more complex fabrications as well. They are generally extremely confident in their recollections and will typically resist any contradictory evidence.

The aim of this site is unique among the current offerings online to attempt to dissect the possible causes and solutions for this perplexing phenomenon with a scientific, rational approach. If you’ve come to read about merging of universes, alternate timelines, and time travel then you are in the wrong place (unless you have evidence of such things!). It is of my opinion that the Mandela Effect is a real thing; however, steeped in the realm of sociology and psychology and not science fiction.

Listing of Mandela Effects explored on the site so far:

More information:

Related psychological and phenomenons (possible explanations/factors):

I dive into each of these on the Common Explanations page.

486 thoughts on “Mandela Effect Introduction

  1. For those who do not believe the Mandela Effect is real. Here’s a question to all the Star Wars fans. What color is C3PO’s legs? Strange question indeed. Well, I am a huge Star Wars fan, and in my universe, he has always been one solid gold color. If you go look at movie clips now, you will see without a doubt he now has a silver leg. I have randomly crossed reference my memory with 7 others who clearly remember he was always 100 gold. I knew my VHS 1995 copies are correct, because I watched them about 5 years ago with my children and he is all golden. I put in my movies this weekend. Guess what HE NOW HAS A SILVER LEG. I even checked my 1980 trading cards. He now has a silver leg. The timeline has changed. But what is more important, is my brother grew up with Star Wars with me. It was part of our life. HE REMEMBERS HIM AS ALWAYS HAVING A SILVER LEG. So I have now realized, that he and I are existing in separate parellel universes. I strongly suggest to people not to dwelve too much on the Mandela Effect because it can cause madness. We have at least two parellel universes occupying the same space, and we may be slipping in between both. From what I have understood, this phenomena will be corrected in the next few years.

  2. Are you serious?!?!?! This is stupidity at its unbeleivable f***** high. A thousand people say that kellogg s had froot loops and one guy says oh!…But its fruit loops. And an entire conspiracy forms. I call bullshit. Did anyone ask Kelloggs? Either we re being guided into a new theory to believe some bologna their gonna tell us next. Now come on. They cover stuff up all the time. Be confident in what you know. Accept the fact that maybe they changed the packaging.

  3. yall act like youre better than everybody cuz you think this is bull but if youre so sure YOURE right, then disprove the mandela effect. there is no definite way to explain this so just chill. the world is fuckin weird. an oompa loompa has been elected as president. an 11 year old told be to suck his balls because i am a girl who was using a character who was a girl in a game. a lot of things dont make sense and until you can disprove this 100% you need to chill.

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